February/March 2018 2017
A magnificent fluorescence : Soft coral, Palythoa heliodiscus
photographer | Gilles Siu | Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Soft coral in Tahiti | Credit : Gilles Siu
This picture of the soft coral Palythoa heliodiscus was taken at night at 15m depth in the St Etienne Hole, Tahiti, French Polynesia. This coral is actually a little colony of zoanthaires. They can be found across the entire Indo-Pacific , attached to rocks. It rapidly retracts when disturbed. Be careful not to touch this soft coral because while this coral is certainly beautiful, it is known for having a high concentration of palytoxin, a powerful marine toxin that was discovered in 1961 in Hawaii. Here illuminated by UV light, it displays an amazing fluorescence.
Is shark-feeding about to be banned in French Polynesia ?
photographer | Maggy Nugues | Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
Tiger Shark in Faa'a, Tahiti | Credit : Maggy Nugues
December’s ‘Photo of the Month’ shows a tiger shark grabbing the bait before the eyes of half a dozen thrilled divers at White Valley, a popular shark-feeding spot in Faa'a, Tahiti. Shark feeding is a popular activity for recreational divers who want to get a closer look at these majestic and often elusive animals. While this activity is still quite popular on the outer reef slopes of Tahiti and Moorea, its practice is highly controversial. On the one hand, it generates significant benefits for the local economy and demystifies the shark to the general public. On the other hand, it remains a risky activity for divers (accidental bites) and can alter the natural behaviour of sharks who often become sedentary and reliant on this regular source of food. Finally, shark-feeding can rob the ecosystem of the beneficial effects derived from the natural behaviour of this super-predator, who now spends much of its time waiting for the free food handouts at shark-feeding sites. Since 2005, the CRIOBE has studied the impacts of this controversial activity, with early results suggesting that shark-feeding might actually be a sustainable activity if it is properly managed. Article LP 2200-1 of the new environment code (JOPF of October 5, 2017) seeks to prohibit this practice in French Polynesia. Pending the final approval of this reform, shark feeding is currently still allowed outside of the lagoons at a distance of at least one kilometre from the passes.
What happens on land matters to the sea.
project : INTEGRE | photographer | Lauric Thiault | Moorea, French Polynesia
View from Oponohu Bay before and after heavy rains. Credit : Lauric Thiault.
What happens on land matters to the sea. September’s Photo of the Month presents Opunohu Bay, Moorea, before and after a heavy rain event. This sequence was taken as part of a recent study conducted by CRIOBE’s researchers who - for the first time – accurately described the sediments and mapped sedimentation rates for Opunohu Bay.
The sampling effort spanned a year and a half and identified several pollutants, including heavy metals and pesticides. Using the data collected, a granulometric analysis was also performed to describe the sediments across the entire Bay. Physico-chemical parameters such as the salinity and currents were also measured.
Results from the study point to Opuhonu River as the most dominant source of terrestrial deposits for the Bay. However, the impacts of the smaller Urufara River cannot be ignored, particularly with respect to heavy metals.
Land-based activities directly impact the marine environment, via the effluent of the river. While these terrigenous deposits are typically confined to the Bay, certain conditions such as heavy rain events, can cause the effluent of the river to spread beyond their normal confines into the sea.
Coral cover recovers at record rates in Moorea !
photographer | Yannick Chancerelle | Moorea, French Polynesia
Located on the North West coast of Moorea, French Polynesia, the Tiahura area has been monitored by scientists since the 1970s. Here, the CRIOBE Coral Observation Service (SO CORAIL) team regularly monitors coral recovery, among other ecological variables. The coral reefs in the upper slope of Tiahura were impacted heavily by cyclone Oli (2010) and by an invasion of the Acanthaster planci sea star (2007-2010). Prior to these disturbances, the coral reefs were highly diverse and were relatively dense, with a coverage of 50% (2006). In 2010, the SO CORAIL team surveyed these reefs post-disturbance, and found that reefs had only recovered by 2%. However, recent monitoring has yielded some very encouraging results. Coral cover is now measured at nearly 70% (mean value over 3 replicates) and the data indicates that coral in the genus Pocillopora are now dominating the area - representing 79% of the upper slope (compared with 33% in 2006).
Rate of coral recovery measured since 2010, following cyclone Oli, which affected the north and west coasts of Moorea (and therefore the Tiahura zone).